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Womenâs adjusted salary differentials are 8% among S&E doctoratesâ7% among S&E bachelorâs degree and 6% among masterâs degree holders (Figure 3-30). The result has been an overall decline in the proportion of women, from 31% to 26%. Other disproportionately male S&E occupations include physical scientists (28% women) and computer and mathematical scientists (26% women). In 2015, women constituted only 28% of workers in these occupations, although they accounted for half of the college-educated workforce overall. On average, college educated African-American women annually earn $19,054 less than college educated white men. Women remain underrepresented in the science and engineering workforce, although to a lesser degree than in the past, with the greatest disparities occurring in engineering, computer science, and the physical sciences (NSF, Science & Engineering Indicators, 2018). Indeed, African Americans are 37% less likely to undergo stem cell transplant even though this is the standard of care for eligible patients 10 . In addition to the above education- and employment-related variables, plus demographics and other characteristics includes the following indicators: nativity and citizenship, race and ethnic minority, marital status, disability, number of children living in the household, geographic region (classified into 9 U.S. Census divisions), and whether either parent holds a bachelor's or higher-level degree. Eight HBCUs were among the top 20 institutions to award the most science and engineering bachelor’s degrees to black graduates from 2008-2012. American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, black or African American, and white refer to individuals who are not of Hispanic origin. Because of the rapid increase in female participation in S&E fields in recent years, women with S&E degrees who are employed full time generally have fewer years of labor market experience than their male counterparts: the median number of years since highest degree is 14 years for women versus 17 years for men; the median age is 39 years for women versus 43 years for men. If we’re interested in improving the education and ultimately job prospects of African-American students (the topic of tomorrow and Friday’s USCCF-sponsored conference), encouraging them to train in the STEM fields seems like a promising path. out-of-school suspension, followed by 6.7 percent of American Indian/Alaska Native students, 5.3 percent of students of Two or more races, 4.5 percent each of Hispanic and Pacific Islander students, 3.4 percent of White students, and But while specific STEM programming for students is great, and more of it is needed, students have to have a strong foundation in Math and Science to be able to qualify for computer programming or engineering programs in universities. It is hard to believe that Blacks are simply not as interested in STEM fields as their counterparts. Several racial and ethnic minority groups, including blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians or Alaska Natives, have low levels of participation in S&E fields both compared with other groups and compared with their proportion in the population (Table 3-19). Women and racial and ethnic minority groups generally receive less pay than their male and white counterparts (Table 3-24). Blacks had relatively high participation rates among computer systems analysts (8%), computer support specialists (10%), information security analysts (13%), psychologists (9%), and industrial engineers (9%). National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT), https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/sestat/, and the National Survey of College Graduates (NSCG) (1993, 2015), https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/srvygrads/. Some of those who self-reported as white in the 1990s may have instead reported a multiracial identity after 2000 once they were given this option, which would decrease the estimated numbers of whites. Table of Contents; Front Matter; Overview of the State of the U.S. S&E Enterprise in a Global Context; Chapter 1 Elementary and Secondary Mathematics and Science Education; Chapter 2 Higher Education in Science and Engineering; Chapter 3 Science and Engineering Labor Force; Chapter 4 Research and Development: U.S. Trends and International Comparisons; Chapter 5 Academic … The number of men also grew, but the rate of growth for women was greater than that for men, resulting in an increase in the proportion of female life scientists and female social scientists. How Does Your State Stack Up When it Comes to Flu Shots? 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