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If there is more than one introductory clause, phase or words a comma is placed after each introductory clause, phase or words. Examples: Wow, that was a great movie. In sentence A, there is no comma after well. Example: Smith (2001) conducted the research, and Heller (2008) commented on the results. Before I eat on Easter, I hope I have my braces off. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. After Introductory Words Use a comma after introductory words (words that introduce [come before] a main clause). Because we are out of eggs, we have to use applesauce to moisten our brownie batter. For example: Imbued with common sense, Mark is a great choice for the role. Use a comma after relatively lengthy introductory phrases or dependent (subordinate) clauses. Commas After Introductory Phrases Prepositional Phrases Use a comma to separate a group of prepositional phrases of more than four words when the phrases come at the beginning of a sentence.. Do not use a comma between separate phrases unless they are in a series.. A comma may also set off a single prepositional phrase at the beginning to make the sentence clear. In fact, a clause can be a sentence. When a word or phrase forms an introduction to a sentence, you should follow it with a comma, as recommended by Purdue OWL. Subordinating conjunctions are words that connect, but unlike coordinating conjunctions, which connect equal parts, subordinating conjunctions connect dependent clauses (incomplete thoughts) to independent clauses.When you see a subordinating conjunction at the beginning of a sentence, this signals an introductory … Use commas after an introductory clause in a sentence. Example of introductory clause: If you are using this sentence structure, place a comma after the dependent clause. Rule: Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. Commas after introductory words and phrases. “We drove to the beach, but we left since the parking lot was full.” One of the most common comma placement errors is the usage of a comma after a conjunction rather than before: “Nancy’s schedule was very … 3rd grade. Examples: In order to be successful, one must learn to write well. Commas separating two independent clauses Because my brother ate our marshmallows, we could not make s'mores. However, regardless of the size of the introductory phrase, a comma should always follow it. After I ate my ... examples: 1. Long prepositional phrases or a succession of prepositional phrases Examples: Between the towering city buildings, the sky could be seen. Dependent Clauses. Note that some style guides would not add the comma after the word “eggs”. However, the above reference does not give examples of punctuating compound and complex-compound sentences that include dependent clauses and introductory phrases in the second part of the sentence. A comma is used after an introductory clause or phrase. Use a comma after a conjunction to provide balance. For example, read the following sentence and notice the introductory phrase that comes before the subject, which is she. Examples: I was happy. Incorrect: 5. Commas > Commas: Introductory Subordinate Clauses What is … When a dependent clause begun by a subordinating conjunction comes before an independent clause, the comma after the dependent clause is not negotiable. 2. -- Created using Powtoon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. Common starter words that indicate an introductory clause that must be followed by a comma include "while," "when," "since," "as" and "after." If you don’t know, don’t worry–it’s actually quite easy. Commas are placed after the introductory clause, phase or words. 2. 1. This follows the rule that introductory words, phrases, and clauses must be followed by a comma right after. A comma tells readers that the introductory clause or phrase has come to a close and that the main part of the sentence is about to begin. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. In sentence B, the first comma is correct, but the second well shouldn’t be separated from the rest of the sentence because it’s not an introductory word. They went home is the main clause. Using a comma after “now” When “now” is used as an introductory word. Introductory Phrases. 2. Introductory Phrases After using an introductory phrase to begin a sentence, you may or may not need to add a comma. The traditional rule is to use commas to separate introductory elements from the main sentence. With Introductory Phrases. Use a comma because the introductory prepositional phrase is … a. (In this example, the shaded text is an adjective phrase. Some function as adjectives. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. An introductory clause is the dependent clause (incomplete sentence) that introduces the independent clause. While I got dressed, The radio was playing a great song. When Evan was ready to iron, his cat tripped on the cord. Answer: Sentence C is correct. Put a comma after introductory words, phrases, or clauses that introduce a sentence. Learning where to use commas on this commas worksheet. A. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. A clause consists of a subject and a predicate, where the predicate is a verb or verb phrase. Use commas after introductory words or phrases. After dinner we went for a walk. Example: Thus, full hybrids are fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly. Whereas when I finished my homework, I watched TV. Introductory Phrases and Clauses. For example: In the tree a monkey sat and looked around. If you omit the first word, the sentence means exactly the same thing. Generally, style guides in America are more insistent about commas after introductory material than style guides published in Britain. Use a comma after an introductory adverb prepositional phrase unless it is very short (3-4 words) and is not likely to be misunderstood. After recess the class filed back into the classroom. Depends which style guide you read. Until we get back, your older sister is in charge. So first, you’ll need to know the difference between clauses and phrases. They also can be small, large, and medium in their size. Introductory phrases and clauses pretty much do what they say do. Introductory Elements - Place a comma after certain introductory elements. If so, follow the phrase or clause with a comma (,) A punctuation mark used to group and separate information in sentences.. Note that the rule is the same for other types of dependent phrases that often appear the start of a sentence, e.g., at first , generally speaking , … Sometimes a dependent clause can be used to introduce a sentence. After a dependent introductory clause, phrase, or word. SUMMARY: An introductory adverbial element, is any adverbial word, phrase, or clause that appears at the beginning of a sentence, thus changing the normal subject-verb-object pattern of the English sentence. Introductory clauses often start with an adverb that is usually a dead giveaway. Recommended: Based on the requirements of your game, you can implement this method to update game information. After a dependent introductory clause, phrase, or word. However, they are followed by commas too. In general, place a comma after an introductory word or phrase. 2. Introductory prepositional phrases that are three words long or fewer do not require a comma after them. Recommended: Finally, only groups that contain parameters appear in this list. Clauses are the basic building blocks of sentence structure. Use a comma after a dependent introductory clause, phrase, or word. In Lakeside nobody swims in the summer. A verb phrase may or may not include a direct object and/or an indirect object. An Introductory Clause and Its Functions An introductory clause aims to answer the questions where, when, how, why, and some others. Example of such a sentence with original punctuation kept (I took it from Wiktionary — an example of usage for word particular in sixth definition): If the introductory phrase is a short and simple prepositional phrase, you probably do not need a comma. USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. 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